Lissencephaly (agyria-pachygyria) is a brain malformation manifested by a smooth cerebral surface, resulting from arrest of neuronal migration at 10-14 wk gestation. Type I, or classical, lissencephaly can occur either in association with the Miller-Dieker syndrome (MDS) or as an isolated finding, termed 'isolated lissencephaly sequence' (ILS). About 90% of MDS patients have visible or submicroscopic deletions of 17p13.3. We therefore investigated the possibility that some ILS patients have smaller deletions in this chromosomal region. Forty-five ILS patients with gyral abnormalities ranging from complete agyria to mixed agyria/pachygyria and complete pachygyria were studied. RFLP analysis with five polymorphic loci in 17p13.3 was performed on all patients and their parents. Somatic cell hybrids were constructed on three patients, to confirm a deletion or to determine the boundaries of a deletion. In-situ hybridization using cosmid probes from within a newly defined lissencephaly critical region was performed on 31 patients as a further method of deletion detection. Six submicroscopic deletions were detected (13.3%). Three of the deletions among 45 ILS patients were detected by RFLP analysis, 4 deletions in 31 patients were detected by in situ hybridization, and one deletion was detected only by somatic cell hybrid studies (in situ hybridization was not performed). Overall, in situ hybridization proved to be the most rapid and sensitive method of deletion detection. The centromeric boundary of these deletions overlapped that of MDS patients, while the telomeric boundary for four ILS deletions was proximal to that of MDS and narrows the critical region for a lissencephaly locus. These data demonstrate that a locus in 17p13 represents a major genetic etiology for patients with lissencephaly, ranging from complete agyria to pachygyria. In situ hybridization allows rapid and sensitive deletion detection and is the preferred method for diagnostic evaluation of MDS and ILS patients.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||American Journal of Human Genetics|
|State||Published - 1992|