β-Catenin/Wnt signaling pathway is critically regulated in a normal cell by a number of post-translational modifications. In pancreatic cancer however, aberrant activation of this pathway plays a significant role in tumor progression and metastasis. Though a number of studies have focused on understanding Wnt signaling pathway in pancreatic cancer, there has been no systematic study to evaluate molecules that may be affecting this pathway. In the current study, we used a diterpene triepoxide, triptolide, to inhibit post-translational modifications in Wnt pathway and evaluated how this compound may be affecting the intricate signaling that regulates cell proliferation in pancreatic cancer. Our results showed that triptolide inhibits the activation of WNT1, FZD1, and disheveled (DSH) in pancreatic cancer cell lines MIA PaCa-2 and S2-VP10 by inhibiting the phosphorylation of LRP6 and simultaneously blocked translocation of β-catenin to the nucleus by inhibiting its glycosylation. Additionally, inhibition of post-translational modification of the Wnt-signaling pathway also demonstrated regression of tumor growth in a Syngenic Tumor Implantation Model (STIM). Interestingly, these findings suggest Wnt signaling is a vital molecular pathway in pancreatic cancer and may be amenable to targeted drug therapy.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
National Institutes of Health (NIH) grant CA124723 and CA170946 (to A. Saluja) and Minneamrita Therapeutics, LLC (to A.?Saluja).
- Pancreatic tumor
- STIM model