In 1776, Adam Smith argued that specialization of labor increases productive capacity. Over the past 228 years, as markets expanded and new industries were established, there was indeed a dramatic increase in labor specialization. We do not believe this drive toward specialization is slowing down. Nevertheless, we argue that processes of scientific technological convergence and technology-business coevolution naturally and periodically give rise to the need for specialists who are deep at the intersections of richly interconnected disciplines. Thus, paradoxically, one generation's generalists may become the next generation's specialists. In particular, we describe an emerging services science discipline and profession that lies at an area of rich interconnection among existing disciplines. We argue that a services science will help us improve our ability to rapidly develop and deploy well-designed, effective, and valuable capabilities in today's information services economy. Services science aims to understand ways to rapidly increase productive capacity by accelerating the successful deployment of new technologies and improved capabilities, such as those brought about by NBIC technology convergence. Our speculative discussion of the emergence of services science begins to explore the opportunity of matching social-organizational progress rates with technological progress rates.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Title of host publication||Managing Nano-Bio-Info-Cogno Innovations|
|Subtitle of host publication||Converging Technologies in Society|
|Number of pages||27|
|ISBN (Print)||1402041063, 9781402041068|
|State||Published - 2006|