Using cultured LLC-PK1 cells the present study investigates mechanisms leading to nitrate tolerance and its reversal. A 5-h pretreatment with glyceryl trinitrate (GTN, 0.01-100 μM) resulted in desensitization of the intracellular cyclic GMP response to a subsequent 10-min challenge with GTN (1 μM). The spontaneous donor of nitric oxide (NO) spermine NONOate, which releases NO independently of enzymatic catalysis, did not induce tolerance to its own cyclic GMP stimulatory effect and remained fully effective in GTN-tolerant cells. Tolerant cells regained sensitivity to GTN after a 30-h incubation in media. Recovery of the cyclic GMP response was blocked in the presence of cycloheximide (10 μM) suggesting that de novo protein synthesis is necessary for tolerance reversal. Our results demonstrate that nitrate tolerance is specific for nitric acid esters and possibly due to down-regulation of enzymes involved in bioactivation of, and NO generation from, organic nitrates.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|State||Published - Nov 9 1998|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the Deutsche Forschungsgemein-schaft (Schr 298/8-2).