Novel manufacturing of advanced smart garments: Knitting with spatially-varying, multi-material monofilament

Simon Ozbek, Md Tahmidul Islam Molla, Crystal Compton, Brad Holschuh

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations


In this paper, we propose a novel method for knitting advanced smart garments (e.g., garments with targeted electrical or mechanical properties) using a single, spatially-varying, multi-material monofilament created using additive manufacturing (AM) techniques. By strategically varying the constitutive functional materials that comprise the monofilament along its length, it is theoretically possible to create targeted functional regions within the knitted structure. If spaced properly, functional regions naturally emerge in the knit as loops in adjacent rows align. To test the feasibility of this method, we evaluated the ability of a commercially available knitting machine (a Passap® E6000) to knit a variety of experimental and commercially available, spatially-variant monofilament. Candidate materials were tested both to characterize their mechanical behavior as well as to determine their ability to be successfully knitted. A repeatable spatial mapping relationship between 1D filament location and 2D knit location was established, enabling the ability to create a variety of 2D functional pathways (straight, linear, nonlinear) in the knit structure using a single monofilament input. Using this approach, a multi-material monofilament can be designed and manufactured to create advanced functional knits with spatially-variant properties.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationISWC 2018 - Proceedings of the 2018 ACM International Symposium on Wearable Computers
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9781450359672
StatePublished - Oct 8 2018
Event22nd International Symposium on Wearable Computers, ISWC 2018 - Singapore, Singapore
Duration: Oct 8 2018Oct 12 2018

Publication series

NameProceedings - International Symposium on Wearable Computers, ISWC
ISSN (Print)1550-4816


Conference22nd International Symposium on Wearable Computers, ISWC 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © 2018 ACM.

Copyright 2019 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


  • Additive manufacturing.
  • E-textiles
  • Smart fabrics

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