Occurrence of Campylobacter in retail meat in Lahore, Pakistan

Muhammad Nisar, Mansur ud Din Ahmad, Muhammad Hassan Mushtaq, Wasim Shehzad, Abid Hussain, Mohammad Nasar, Kakambi V. Nagaraja, Sagar M. Goyal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Campylobacter, one of the emerging zoonotic pathogens, is worldwide in distribution. This thermo-tolerant pathogen is one of the leading causes of diarrhea and gastroenteritis in humans. The main sources of infection are contaminated meat and meat products. A cross-sectional study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of Campylobacter species in retail meat in the Lahore district of Pakistan from September 2014 to January 2015. A total of 600 samples (200 samples each of beef, mutton, and chicken) were collected from retail shops through convenience sampling and preceded for Campylobacter contamination using the ISO 10272-1:2006 (E) method. Campylobacter was present in all three types of meat; the highest prevalence being recorded in chicken meat (29%) followed by mutton (18%) and beef (15.5%). Campylobacters were isolated from 125 (20.8%) samples out of the 600 meat samples. Campylobacter jejuni was more common (74.4%) than C. coli (25.6%). The highest number of Campylobacters were isolated in September (25/125) and November (23/125) while low numbers were isolated in October and December with isolates rate of (17/125) and (19/125), respectively. The highest prevalence was seen in the oldest and overpopulated town of Data Gunj Bakhsh 16% (20/125) while lowest prevalence was seen in a newer and least populated town of Gulburg (7/125). These results indicate that Campylobacter species are circulating in various meat sources in Lahore and that it may pose a threat to public health.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)42-45
Number of pages4
JournalActa Tropica
Volume185
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2018

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We are thankful to Higher Education Commission of Pakistan (Islamabad) for supporting this study under Indigenous 5000 PhD fellowship program, Grant Number 112-26353-2AV1-075 .

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 Elsevier B.V.

Keywords

  • Campylobacter
  • Lahore
  • Meat
  • Public health
  • Zoonosis

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