On the baryon, lepton-flavour and right-handed electron asymmetries of the universe

Bruce A. Campbell, Sacha Davidson, John Ellis, Keith A. Olive

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

120 Scopus citations

Abstract

Non-perturbative electroweak effects, in thermal equilibrium in the early universe, have the potential to erase the baryon asymmetry of the universe, unless it is encoded in a B - L asymmetry, or in some "accidentally" conserved quantity. We first consider the possibility that the BAU may be regenerated from lepton flavour asymmetries even when initially B - L = 0. We show that provided some, but not all the lepton flavours are violated by ΔL ≠ 0 interactions in equilibrium, the BAU may be regenerated without lepton mass effects. We next examine the possibility of encoding the baryon asymmetry in a primordial asymmetry for the right-handed electron, which due to its weak Yukawa interaction only comes into chemical equilibrium as the sphalerons are falling out of equilibrium. This would also raise the possibility of preserving an initial baryon asymmetry when B - L = 0.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)118-124
Number of pages7
JournalPhysics Letters B
Volume297
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 24 1992

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We wish to thank M. Luty and M. Voloshin for discussions. The work of BAC and SD was supported in part by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada. The work of KAO was supported in part by DOE grant DE-AC02-83ER-40105, and by a Presidential Young Investigator Award. BAC and KAO would like to thank the CERN Theory Division for kind hospitality during part of this research.

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