Outcome of dialysis for acute renal failure in pediatric bone marrow transplant patients

P. H. Lane, S. M. Mauer, B. R. Blazar, N. K.C. Ramsay, C. E. Kashtan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

68 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have reviewed the clinical course of 30 pediatric bone marrow transplant (BMT) recipients requiring dialysis for acute renal failure early after BMT. Patients requiring dialysis were not significantly different from the general pediatric BMT population except for: (1) a greater proportion of neuroblastoma patients in the dialysis group, and (2) fewer autologous and more unrelated BMT donors in the dialysis group. Twenty-three patients (77%) died without recovering renal function 1-72 days (mean 12 days) after dialysis was begun. Sepsis was the most commonly cited cause of renal failure and death in these patients. Seven patients (23%) recovered sufficient renal function to stop dialysis; all long-term survivors were in this group. Factors at the onset of dialysis associated with persistent renal failure were weight gain of ≥ 10% of baseline body weight, requirement of three or more drugs for blood pressure support and hyperbilirubinemia. Although acute renal failure requiring dialysis is an ominous development following BMT, recovery of renal function is possible with aggressive supportive care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)613-617
Number of pages5
JournalBone marrow transplantation
Volume13
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1994

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