Passive control of a hydraulic human power amplifier using a hydraulic transformer

Sangyoon Lee, Perry Y Li

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Scopus citations


The hydraulic human power amplifier is a tool that uses hydraulic actuation to amplify the force that the human exerts on it. Our control objective and framework are to make the system behave like a passive mechanical tool when interacting with the human and with the work environment with a specified power scaling factor. A virtual velocity coordination control approach casts the human power amplifier problem into one of velocity coordination by generating a fictitious reference mechanical system. Force amplification becomes a natural consequence of velocity coordination. This control has been previously demonstrated using servo valves which is a major contributor to energy loss in hydraulic system. In this paper, a hydraulic transformer, which does not rely on throttling to accomplish its control function is used instead of a servo valve to achieve human power amplification. In addition, a passivity based control approach that makes use of the natural energy storage of the hydraulic actuator is used to define the flow requirement. This approach fully accounts for the non-linearity due to the pressure dynamics. The controller was experimentally validated with good force amplification and velocity coordination performance on a single degree of freedom hydraulic human power amplifier.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationDiagnostics and Detection; Drilling; Dynamics and Control of Wind Energy Systems; Energy Harvesting; Estimation and Identification; Flexible and Smart Structure Control; Fuels Cells/Energy Storage; Human Robot Interaction; HVAC Building Energy Management; Industrial Applications; Intelligent Transportation Systems; Manufacturing; Mechatronics; Modelling and Validation; Motion and Vibration Control Applications
PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers
ISBN (Electronic)9780791857250
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015
EventASME 2015 Dynamic Systems and Control Conference, DSCC 2015 - Columbus, United States
Duration: Oct 28 2015Oct 30 2015

Publication series

NameASME 2015 Dynamic Systems and Control Conference, DSCC 2015


OtherASME 2015 Dynamic Systems and Control Conference, DSCC 2015
CountryUnited States

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