Pergolide is an inhibitor of voltage-gated potassium channels, including Kv1.5, and causes pulmonary vasoconstriction

Zhigang Hong, Andrew J. Smith, Stephen L. Archer, Xi Chen Wu, Daniel P. Nelson, Douglas Peterson, Gerhard Johnson, E. Kenneth Weir

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background - Pergolide produces clinical benefit in Parkinson disease by stimulating dopamine D1 and D2 receptors. An increased incidence of carcinoid-like heart valve disease (CLHVD) has been noted in pergolide users, reminiscent of that induced by certain anorexigens used for weight reduction. Anorexigens that modulate serotonin release and reuptake, such as dexfenfluramine, were withdrawn from sale because of CLHVD. Interestingly, the anorexigens also caused pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Anorexigens were shown to enhance hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction, in part by inhibiting voltage-gated K+ channels (Kv) in pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMCs). Although PAH has not been associated with pergolide use, we hypothesized that pergolide might have similar effects on hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction and Kv channels. Methods and Results - Pergolide enhanced hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction in the isolated perfused rat lung compared with control lungs (mean pulmonary artery pressure 32±3 versus 21±2 mm Hg; P<0.01). Pergolide also caused vasoconstriction in rat pulmonary artery rings. Pergolide inhibited PASMC potassium current density, resulting in membrane depolarization (from -51±2 to -44±1 mV) and increased cytosolic calcium in both rat and human PASMCs. Pergolide directly inhibited heterologously expressed Kv 1.5 and Kca channels. Conclusions - Pergolide causes Kv channel inhibition and, despite being from a different class of drugs, has pulmonary vascular effects reminiscent of dexfenfluramine. Coupled with their shared proclivity to induce CLHVD, these findings suggest that clinical monitoring for pergolide-induced PAH should be considered.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1494-1499
Number of pages6
JournalCirculation
Volume112
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 6 2005

Keywords

  • Drugs
  • Hypertension, pulmonary
  • Ion channels
  • Muscle, smooth
  • Vasoconstriction

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