Peroxynitrite-induced relaxation of isolated vessels may involve the formation of S-nitrosothiols. This study characterized the hemodynamic effects of systemically injected peroxynitrite in pentobarbital sodium-anesthetized rats and determined whether these effects were due to the formation of S-nitrosothiols. We utilized L-penicillamine, which attenuates the hemodynamic effects of systemically injected S-nitrosothiols. The hemodynamic effects of peroxynitrite and the S-nitrosothiols L-S-nitrosocysteine, L-S-nitrosoglutathione, and S-nitrosoalbumin were determined before and 25 min after the administration of L-penicillamine or saline. Peroxynitrite and the S-nitrosothiols produced dose-dependent reductions in mean arterial pressure and mesenteric and hindquarter vascular resistances. The hypertensive and vasodilator effects of the S-nitrosothiols were significantly reduced by L-penicillamine. In contrast, the hemodynamic actions of peroxynitrite were unaffected by L-penicillamine. Therefore, peroxynitrite produces hypotensive and vasodilator responses in anesthetized rats that are unlikely to be due to the formation of circulating S-nitrosothiols. The mechanisms by which peroxynitrite produces vasodilatation in vivo remain to be determined.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology|
|Issue number||3 Pt 2|
|State||Published - Mar 1998|
- Nitric oxide
- S- nitrosoalbumin