Perspectives of cancer patients and their health during the COVID-19 pandemic

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction The immunosuppressive nature of some cancers and many cancer-directed treatments may increase the risk of infection with and severe sequelae from Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). The objective of this study was to compare concerns about COVID-19 among individuals undergoing cancer treatment to those with a history of cancer not currently receiving therapy and to those without a cancer history. Methods We conducted a cross-sectional anonymous online survey study of adults currently residing in the United States. Participants were recruited over a one-week period (April 3–11, 2020) using promoted advertisements on Facebook and Twitter. Groups were compared using chi-squared tests, Fisher’s exact tests, and t-tests. Results 543 respondents from 47 states provided information on their cancer history and were included in analyses. Participants receiving active treatment reported greater concern about infection from the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus (p<0.001), higher levels of family distress caused by the COVID-19 pandemic (p = 0.004), and greater concern that the general public does not adequately understand the seriousness of COVID-19 (p = 0.04). Those with metastatic disease were more likely to indicate that COVID-19 had negatively affected their cancer care compared to patients with non-metastatic cancer (50.8% vs. 31.0%; p = 0.02). The most commonly reported treatment modifications included chemotherapy delays. Conclusions Patients undergoing active treatment for cancer were most concerned about the short-term effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on the logistics as well as potential efficacy of ongoing cancer treatment, longer term effects, and overarching societal concerns that the population at large is not as concerned about the public health implications of SARS-CoV-2 infection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere0241741
JournalPloS one
Volume15
Issue number10 October
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Funding:Thisresearchwassupportedinpartby theNationalInstitutesofHealth’sNationalCenter forAdvancingTranslationalSciences,grant UL1TR002494aswellastheNationalCancer InstituteP30CancerCenterSupportGrant,grant CA77598.Thecontentissolelytheresponsibilityof theauthorsanddoesnotnecessarilyrepresentthe officialviewsoftheNationalInstitutesofHealth’s

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright: © 2020 Lou et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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