Pharmacokinetic interaction between isradipine and lovastatin in normal, female and male volunteers

L. X. Zhou, D. K. Finley, A. E. Hassell, J. L. Holtzman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have examined the pharmacokinetic interaction between isradipine and lovastatin in six male and six female, healthy, normotensive, human subjects after a single dose and after treatment for 5 days. The isradipine plasma concentrations were determined by a radioimmunoassay and the lovastatin serum concentrations by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS) and by the inhibition of the 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaric-coenzyme reductase activity. We found that the apparent serum concentrations of lovastatin were 4- to 6-fold higher in the reductase-inhibition assay than the GC/MS assay, suggesting that the bulk of the reductase inhibition is due to active metabolites. The peak and the time-to-peek concentrations were unaffected by the treatments, either after the first dose or after continued administration. In male subjects, after repeated doses of isradipine, the lovastatin area under the time-concentration curves (AUCs) decreased by 40% as determined by the GC/MS assay (P < .001) and 20% as determined by the reductase-inhibition assay (P < .0022). In the female subjects, isradipine treatment decreased the lovastatin AUCs as determined by the GC/MS assay, but this was not statistically significant due to a high variance. Furthermore, in the female subjects, isradipine had no effect on the lovastatin AUCS as determined by the reductase-inhibition assay. Because the lovastatin peak and the time-to-peak concentrations were unaffected by isradipine treatment, the decreased lovastatin AUCs were probably not due to altered intestinal absorption. More likely, because lovastatin has a high hepatic clearance, the decreased AUCs seen after isradipine treatment could be due to increases in the clearance of lovastatin secondary to increased hepatic blood flow.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)121-127
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
Volume273
Issue number1
StatePublished - Apr 24 1995
Externally publishedYes

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