Leaves of wheat infected with the leaf rust fungus, Puccinia triticina, were obtained from farm fields and breeding plots at experimental stations in the Great Plains, Ohio River Valley, and southeastern states in 2015 in order to identify virulence phenotypes prevalent in the United States in different wheat growing regions. A total of 526 single uredinial isolates derived from the leaf rust collections were tested for virulence to 20 lines of Thatcher wheat that differ for single leaf rust resistance genes. A total of 60 virulence phenotypes were described in the United States in 2015. The three most common virulence phenotypes across the United States were MBDSD,MBTNB, and TBBGS. PhenotypeMBDSDis virulent to Lr17, Lr37, and Lr39, and wasmost common in the hard red winter wheat area of the southernGreat Plains. PhenotypeMBTNB is virulent to Lr11, and was most common in the soft red winter wheat region of the southeastern states and Ohio Valley. Phenotype TBBGS is virulent to Lr39, which is present in the hard red winter wheat cultivars, and Lr21, which is present in the hard red spring wheat cultivars. The P. triticina population in the United States was characterized by two major regional groups of virulence phenotypes in the Great Plains region where hard red winter and spring wheat cultivars are grown, and in the southeastern states andOhio Valley region where soft red winter wheat cultivars are grown.