Significant in vitro and in vivo evidence supports the potential use of sertraline as an anticancer and antimicrobial agent. Yet, it is unknown whether effective sertraline concentrations are clinically achieved at therapeutic doses. The study objectives were to develop a physiologically-based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model of sertraline and estimate the probability of achieving effective concentrations in various human tissues. A generic PBPK model consisting of perfusion-limited compartments representing the body organs linked together by blood flows and incorporated with clearance, tissue distribution, and absorption models was implemented in R using the mrgsolve package. Sertraline clearance and volume of distribution were first optimized from i.v. plasma concentration data then absorption and bioavailability were optimized from oral data. Predicted unbound sertraline concentrations at steady-state in human tissues did not reach concentrations determined in vitro, indicating therapeutic doses of sertraline are unlikely to produce concentrations required for anticancer and antimicrobial activities in humans.
PubMed: MeSH publication types
- Journal Article