Phytotoxicity and mammalian cytotoxicity of macrocyclic trichothecene mycotoxins from Myrothecium verrucaria

H. K. Abbas, B. B. Johnson, W. T. Shier, H. Tak, B. B. Jarvis, C. D. Boyette

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

66 Scopus citations

Abstract

Macrocyclic trichothecene toxins produced by Myrothecium verrucaria (a phytopathogen of interest in biological weed control) and the non-trichothecene toxin, atranone B from Stachybotiys atra were tested for phytotoxicity in duckweed (Lemna pausicostata L.) plantlet cultures and kudzu (Pueraria lobata L.) leaf disc assays, and for mammalian cytotoxicity in four cultured cell lines. Roridin E and H, epi-isororidin E, and verrucarin A and J were phytotoxic (half-maximal effect in the concentration range 0.1-9.7 μM on duckweed and 1.5-< 80 μM on kudzu) and cytotoxic to mammalian cell lines (half-maximal inhibition of proliferation in the concentration range 1-35 nM). Trichoverrins A and B and atranone B were moderately phytotoxic (half-maximal effect in theconcentration range 1 9-69 μM on duckweed and 13-< 80 μM on kudzu) and weakly cytotoxic with mammalian cell lines (half-maximal inhibition of proliferation in the concentration range 0.3-< 2 μM).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)309-313
Number of pages5
JournalPhytochemistry
Volume59
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 20 2002

Keywords

  • Biological control
  • Cytotoxicity
  • Kudzu
  • Macrocyclic richothecenes
  • Mycoherbicide
  • Mycotoxins
  • Myrothecium verrucaria
  • Natural products
  • Phytotoxicity
  • Phytotoxins
  • Pueraria montana Leguminosae

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