QCD-like theories on R3×S1: A smooth journey from small to large r(S1) with double-trace deformations

M. Shifman, Mithat Ünsal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

82 Scopus citations


We consider QCD-like theories with one massless fermion in various representations of the gauge group SU(N). The theories are formulated on R3×S1. In the decompactification limit of large r(S1) all these theories are characterized by confinement, mass gap, and spontaneous breaking of a (discrete) chiral symmetry (χSB). At small r(S1), in order to stabilize the vacua of these theories at a center-symmetric point, we suggest to perform a double-trace deformation. With this deformation, the theories at hand are at weak coupling at small r(S1) and yet exhibit basic features of the large r(S1) limit: confinement and χSB. We calculate the string tension, mass gap, bifermion condensates, and θ dependence. The double-trace deformation becomes dynamically irrelevant at large r(S1). Despite the fact that at small r(S1) confinement is Abelian, while it is expected to be non-Abelian at large r(S1), we argue that small and large r(S1) physics are continuously connected. If so, one can use small r(S1) laboratory to extract lessons about QCD and QCD-like theories on R4.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number065004
JournalPhysical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Sep 3 2008


Dive into the research topics of 'QCD-like theories on R3×S1: A smooth journey from small to large r(S1) with double-trace deformations'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this