Reaction kinetics of a polyurea reaction injection molding system

Mary C. Pannone, Chris Macosko

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24 Scopus citations


Polyureas have the potential for Improving reaction Injection molding (RIM) productivity through shorter demo Id times and elimination of external mold release agents and post‐cure. Kinetics of urea formation are necessary for process modeling of polyurea RIM systems. Adiabatic temperature rise measurements were used to monitor the extent of reaction of an aliphatic diamine and an aromatic diamine reacting competitively with a single diisocyanate. The aliphatic diamine reacted much faster; essentially complete polymerization occurred in the RIM mixhead. A similar three‐component system was studied in dimethylacetamide and diethylene glycol dimethyl ether, and the sequential nature of the two competing reactions was confirmed. The RIM polymerization of the aromatic diamine, 3,5 diethyltoluene (2,4 and 2,6) diamine and;4,4′‐diphenylmethane diisocyanate was studied using an unreactive poly ether as the solvent. The exotherms could be fit with a third order model. Adiabatic temperature rises for all RIM experiments were in good agreement with the values predicted by heats of reaction measured in solution.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)660-669
Number of pages10
JournalPolymer Engineering & Science
Issue number10
StatePublished - May 1988


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