Reviewing data reduction methods for ektacytometry

P. Kenyeres, M. Rabai, A. Toth, G. Kesmarky, Zs Marton, T. Alexy, K. Toth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Ektacytometry quantifies erythrocyte deformability by measuring the elongation of suspended red blood cells subjected to a range of shear stresses. Raw shear stress-elongation index plots are difficult to interpret and thus data reduction methods characterizing the relationship using few parameters without loss of information and good reproducibility are essential, especially for the clinician. Two such curve fitting formulas, used widely in the literature for this purpose, are reviewed herein. The Lineweaver-Burke method overestimates maximal deformability if shear stresses below 1 Pa are applied. A modified version of the formula estimates maximal deformation more accurately but gives little weight to data at low shear stresses. Neither method is accurate if negative elongation indices are present (artifact phenomenon when measurement is performed from high to low shear stresses). The Streekstra-Bronkhorst method provides efficient data reduction though the theoretical background of the formula is incorrect. The parameters have expressive meaning; however, both maximal and minimal deformations are slightly underestimated. Moreover, parameters are biased according to the range of measured shear stresses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)143-150
Number of pages8
JournalClinical hemorheology and microcirculation
Volume47
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 7 2011

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