Search for diffuse astrophysical neutrino flux using ultra-high-energy upward-going muons in super-kamiokande I

M. E.C. Swanson, K. Abe, J. Hosaka, T. Iida, K. Ishihara, J. Kameda, Y. Koshio, A. Minamino, C. Mitsuda, M. Miura, S. Moriyama, M. Nakahata, Y. Obayashi, H. Ogawa, M. Shiozawa, Y. Suzuki, A. Takeda, Y. Takeuchi, K. Ueshima, I. HiguchiC. Ishihara, M. Ishitsuka, T. Kajita, K. Kaneyuki, G. Mitsuka, S. Nakayama, H. Nishino, A. Okada, K. Okumura, C. Saji, Y. Takenaga, S. Clark, S. Desai, F. Dufour, E. Kearns, S. Likhoded, M. Litos, J. L. Raaf, J. L. Stone, L. R. Sulak, W. Wang, M. Goldhaber, D. Casper, J. P. Cravens, J. Dunmore, W. R. Kropp, D. W. Liu, S. Mine, C. Regis, M. B. Smy, H. W. Sobel, M. R. Vagins, K. S. Ganezer, J. E. Hill, W. E. Keig, J. S. Jang, J. Y. Kim, I. T. Lim, K. Scholberg, N. Tanimoto, C. W. Walter, R. Wendell, R. W. Ellsworth, S. Tasaka, G. Guillian, J. G. Learned, S. Matsuno, M. D. Messier, Y. Hayato, A. K. Ichikawa, T. Ishida, T. Ishii, T. Iwashita, T. Kobayashi, T. Nakadaira, K. Nakamura, K. Nitta, Y. Oyama, Y. Totsuka, A. T. Suzuki, M. Hasegawa, K. Hiraide, I. Kato, H. Maesaka, T. Nakaya, K. Nishikawa, T. Sasaki, H. Sato, S. Yamamoto, M. Yokoyama, T. J. Haines, S. Dazeley, S. Hatakeyama, R. Svoboda, G. W. Sullivan, D. Turcan, J. Cooley, K. B.M. Mahn, A. Habig, Y. Fukuda, T. Sato, Y. Itow, T. Koike, C. K. Jung, T. Kato, K. Kobayashi, M. Malek, C. McGrew, A. Sarrat, R. Terri, C. Yanagisawa, N. Tamura, M. Sakuda, M. Sugihara, Y. Kuno, M. Yoshida, S. B. Kim, B. S. Yang, J. Yoo, T. Ishizuka, H. Okazawa, Y. Choi, H. K. Seo, Y. Gando, T. Hasegawa, K. Inoue, H. Ishii, K. Nishijima, H. Ishino, Y. Watanabe, M. Koshiba, D. Kielczewska, J. Zalipska, H. G. Berns, R. Gran, K. K. Shiraishi, A. Stachyra, E. Thrane, K. Washburn, R. J. Wilkes

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20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Many astrophysical models predict a diffuse flux of high-energy neutrinos from active galactic nuclei and other extragalactic sources. At muon energies above 1 TeV, the upward-going muon flux induced by neutrinos from active galactic nuclei is expected to exceed the flux due to atmospheric neutrinos. We have performed a search for this astrophysical neutrino flux by looking for upward-going muons in the highest energy data sample from the Super-Kamiokande detector using 1679.6 live days of data. We found one extremely high energy upward-going muon event, compared with an expected atmospheric neutrino background of 0.46 ± 0.23 events. Using this result, we set an upper limit on the diffuse flux of upward-going muons due to neutrinos from astrophysical sources in the muon energy range 3.16-100 TeV.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)206-215
Number of pages10
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume652
Issue number1 I
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 20 2006

Keywords

  • Galaxies: active
  • Gamma rays: bursts
  • Neutrinos

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