Background: Tobacco use has been found to be more prevalent among lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) adults than among the general population, but there is little information about LGBT youth. This study examined tobacco use in relation to sexual identity in a community venue-based sample of youth. Methods: Time-space sampling was used to select individuals aged 13-24 years visiting venues frequented by both LGBT and non-LGBT youth, including drop-in and recreational centers, cafes, bars, and a park. ORs for the association between LGBT identity and tobacco use were estimated using logistic regression models with adjustment for demographic covariates and venue selection. The two main outcomes were lifetime and last-30-day cigarette smoking. Sixteen secondary outcomes pertained to the type, initiation, frequency, and quantity of tobacco use; symptoms of dependence; and cessation. Results: Seventy-seven percent (500/653) of eligible participants completed surveys by interview in 2005-2006. Sixty-three percent smoked in the last 30 days, 22% smoked more than 30 days ago, and 17% reported no prior cigarette smoking. LGBT identity predicted any prior cigarette use (OR 2.2, 95% CI=1.7, 3.2), but not recent use. Compared to non-LGBT youth, LGBT participants were less likely to use smokeless tobacco (OR 0.6, 95% CI=0.5, 0.7) and to want to quit smoking cigarettes (OR 0.6, 95% CI=0.5, 0.8). Other tobacco-related attitudes and behaviors were similar. Conclusions: Few meaningful differences in tobacco use were related to sexual identity. The remarkably high levels of cigarette smoking in the sample highlights the need for prevention and cessation resources.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was funded by ClearWay Minnesota SM research program grant RC-2003-0002. The contents of this manuscript are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the official views of ClearWay Minnesota.