Background: Computational models of deep brain stimulation (DBS) have played a key role in understanding its physiological mechanisms. By estimating a volume of tissue directly modulated by DBS, one can relate the neuronal pathways within those volumes to the therapeutic efficacy of a particular DBS setting. New method: A spherical statistical framework is described to quantify and determine salient features of such morphologies using visualization techniques, empirical shape analysis, and formal hypothesis testing. This framework is shown using a 3D model of thalamocortical neurons surrounding a radially-segmented DBS array. Results: We show that neuronal population volumes modulated by various DBS electrode configurations can be characterized by parametric distribution models, such as Kent and Watson girdle models. Distribution parameters were found to change with stimulus settings, including amplitude and radial distance from the DBS array. Increasing stimulation amplitude through a single electrode resulted in more diffuse neuronal activation and increased rotational symmetry about the mean direction of the activated population. When stimulation amplitude was held constant, the activated neuronal population distribution was more concentrated with distance from the DBS array and was also more rotationally asymmetric. We also show how data representation (e.g. stimulus-entrained cell body vs. axon node) can significantly alter model distribution shape. Comparison to existing methods: This statistical framework provides a quantitative method to analyze the spatial morphologies of DBS-induced effects on neuronal activity. Conclusions: The application of spherical statistics to assess spatial distributions of neuronal activity has potential usefulness for numerous other recording, labeling, and stimulation modalities.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The work was supported by the Michael J. Fox Foundation and by the National Institutes of Health under grant R01-NS081118 .
© 2015 Elsevier B.V.
- Computational modeling
- Current steering
- Deep brain simulation
- Electrode array
- Spherical statistics