The complementary nature of CO2-plume geothermal (CPG) energy production and electrical power demand

Benjamin M. Adams, Thomas H Kuehn

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

CO2 Plume Geothermal (CPG) energy generation is a renewable technology that uses CO2 as the geologic working fluid within naturally permeable, sedimentary thermal reservoirs. In this paper, we compare the ability for CPG geothermal technology to meet electrical demand requirements, compared with other renewable technologies, for a 10MW, northern climate town near Minot, North Dakota. Wind and solar are both supply-driven technologies, capturing energy when it is available; However CPG is demanddriven- The rate at which energy is removed from within the earth is chosen to meet electrical demand. Using meteorological data, we compare estimated system performance with actual 2010 electrical load to gage each system's ability to meet demand. CPG is found to most closely match system demand during the three-season (fall, winter, spring) year, where solar production is inversely related to demand. At the same time, wind does not track demand during any portion of the year, consistently having a large variability. None of these renewable technologies was found to track demand all year. Ultimately we show that CPG may be used to reliably track hourly demand during 95% of the year-an unattainable result for wind and solar.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationASME 2012 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE 2012
Pages1791-1798
Number of pages8
EditionPARTS A AND B
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2012
EventASME 2012 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE 2012 - Houston, TX, United States
Duration: Nov 9 2012Nov 15 2012

Publication series

NameASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Proceedings (IMECE)
NumberPARTS A AND B
Volume6

Other

OtherASME 2012 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE 2012
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityHouston, TX
Period11/9/1211/15/12

Keywords

  • CO
  • Electrical demand
  • Geothermal
  • Load following
  • Renewable energy

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