Background: Insulin resistance is associated with microalbuminuria among youth with diabetes mellitus. We sought to determine the dose-response effect of insulin sensitivity (IS) on the magnitude of albuminuria and whether there is a threshold below which urine albumin excretion increases. Methods: These analyses included participants from the SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study with incident diabetes who completed a baseline study visit (n=2988).We estimated IS using a validated equation incorporating waist circumference, HbA1C, and fasting serum triglycerides. Multivariate regression analyses were performed to assess the effect of IS on urine albumin creatinine ratio (UACR), stratified by diabetes type. The IS threshold was then determined using segmented regressions within each diabetes type and incorporated into the multivariate model. Results: There was an association between IS and UACR in type 2 diabetes only (beta = -0.39; p < 0.001). There was strong statistical evidence for a threshold effect of IS score on UACR in the group of youth with type 2 (beta = 0.40; p <0.001) but not type 1 diabetes (p=0.3). Conclusions: In cross-sectional analyses, there is a negative association between IS and UACR in youth with type 2 but not type 1 diabetes, and this association likely includes a threshold effect of IS on UACR.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study is indebted to the many youth and their families, and their health care providers, whose participation made this study possible. Grant Support: SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth is funded by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (PA numbers 00097, DP-05-069, and DP-10-001) and supported by the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. Site Contract Numbers: Kaiser Permanente Southern California (U48/CCU919219, U01 DP000246, and U18DP002714), University of Colorado Denver (U48/CCU819241-3, U01 DP000247, and U18DP000247-06A1), Children???s Hospital Medical Center (Cincinnati) (U48/CCU519239, U01 DP000248, and 1U18DP002709), University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (U48/CCU419249, U01 DP000254, and U18DP002708), University of Washington School of Medicine (U58/CCU019235-4, U01 DP000244, and U18DP002710-01), Wake Forest University School of Medicine (U48/CCU919219, U01 DP000250, and 200-2010-35171). The authors wish to acknowledge the involvement of General Clinical Research Centers (GCRC) at the South Carolina Clinical & Translational Research (SCTR) Institute, at the Medical University of South Carolina (NIH/NCRR Grant number UL1RR029882); Seattle Children???s Hospital (NIH CTSA Grant UL1 TR00423 of the University of Washington); University of Colorado Pediatric Clinical and Translational Research Center (CTRC) (Grant Number UL1 TR000154) and the Barbara Davis Center at the University of Colorado at Denver (DERC NIH P30 DK57516); and the National Center for Research Resources and the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences, National Institutes of Health, through Grant 8 UL1 TR000077; and the Children with Medical Handicaps program managed by the Ohio Department of Health. The findings and conclusions in this report are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official position of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Disease
© IPNA 2016.
- Insulin resistance
- Metabolic syndrome
- Urine:albumin creatinine ratio