Addition of dibutyryl cyclic AMP or parathyroid hormone to bone organ cultures markedly increased by incorporation of 3H-glucosamine into non-dialyzable micromolecules. Other cyclic nucleotides or their dibutyryl derivatives did not stimulate glucosamine incorporation. DEAE-cellulose chromatography of the papain-digested calvaria and culture medium resolved the labeled material into four peaks. A four-fold increase in radioactivity was observed in peak III. Previous studies of peak III have identified the labeled material as hyaluronic acid. The results suggest that the parathyroid hormone stimulated increase in glucosamine incorporation is mediated via the adenylate cyclase-cyclic AMP system, and that the increased amount of radioactivity is due to an increased amount of hyaluronic acid. Turnover studies of the labeled material suggest that the release of proteoglycans into the culture medium is not inhibited in the cultures treated with dibutyryl cyclic AMP. The role of hyaluronate in this experimental system remains to be elucidated.