Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy has been used to investigate the effect of the lung surfactant apolipoproteins B/C on dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine to address the mechanism by which the adsorption rate of phospholipids from the bulk to the air/water interface is enhanced. Apolipoproteins B/C were isolated from bovine lung and separated from associated lipids by lipophilic Sephadex column chromatography. Amino acid analysis indicated the presence of both apolipoproteins B and C. The 13C chemical shift anisotropy of DPPC was determined as a function of temperature. Previous workers (Wittebort et al., Biochemistry, 20 (1981) 3487-3502) have concluded that the observed magnitude of the chemical shift anisotropy of the carbonyl group of the sn-2 acyl chain in pure DPPC is a result of rapid rotation about an axis along the length of the phospholipid both in the gel and liquid crystalline state. The orientation of the carbonyl group with respect to the axis of diffusion, however, undergoes an approximately 25-30° shift in passage from the gel to liquid crystalline state, with the intermediate, rippled (Pβ′) state composed of an exchange between these two orientations. The presence of physiological concentrations SP-B/C reduced the width of the anisotropy of DPPC below but had no effect on lipids above the main phase transition temperature. This suggests that SP-B/C has a general effect on the entire assembly of lipids. The temperature of the onset of the orientational change is lowered indicating a portion of the lipids are affected by the lung surfactant apolipoproteins.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
We would like to thank Dr. S.C. Shekar for reviewing the manuscript. The work was aided by a grant from the American Lung Association and in part from a grant from the University of Minnesota Graduate School.
- NMR chemical shift anisotropy
- lung surfactant
- surfactant apolipoprotein B/C