The regional impacts of cooking and heating emissions on ambient air quality and disease burden in China

Scott Archer-Nicholls, Ellison Carter, Rajesh Kumar, Qingyang Xiao, Yang Liu, Joseph Frostad, Mohammad H. Forouzanfar, Aaron Cohen, Michael Brauer, Jill Baumgartner, Christine Wiedinmyer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

Exposure to air pollution is a major risk factor globally and particularly in Asia. A large portion of air pollutants result from residential combustion of solid biomass and coal fuel for cooking and heating. This study presents a regional modeling sensitivity analysis to estimate the impact of residential emissions from cooking and heating activities on the burden of disease at a provincial level in China. Model surface PM2.5 fields are shown to compare well when evaluated against surface air quality measurements. Scenarios run without residential sector and residential heating emissions are used in conjunction with the Global Burden of Disease 2013 framework to calculate the proportion of deaths and disability adjusted life years attributable to PM2.5 exposure from residential emissions. Overall, we estimate that 341 000 (306 000-370 000; 95% confidence interval) premature deaths in China are attributable to residential combustion emissions, approximately a third of the deaths attributable to all ambient PM2.5 pollution, with 159 000 (142 000-172 000) and 182 000 (163 000-197 000) premature deaths from heating and cooking emissions, respectively. Our findings emphasize the need to mitigate emissions from both residential heating and cooking sources to reduce the health impacts of ambient air pollution in China.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9416-9423
Number of pages8
JournalEnvironmental Science and Technology
Volume50
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 6 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 American Chemical Society.

Copyright:
Copyright 2017 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

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