The validity of self-reported grade point averages, class ranks, and test scores: A meta-analysis and review of the literature

Nathan R. Kuncel, Marcus Credé, Lisa L. Thomas

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

566 Scopus citations

Abstract

Self-reported grades are heavily used in research and applied settings because of the importance of grades and the convenience of obtaining self-reports. This study reviews and meta-analytically summarizes the literature on the accuracy of self-reported grades, class ranks, and test scores. Results based on apairwise sample of 60,926 subjects indicate that self-reported grades are less construct valid than many scholars believe. Furthermore, self-reported grade validity was strongly moderated by actual levels of school performance and cognitive ability. These findings suggest that self-reported grades should be used with caution. Situations in which self-reported grades can be employed more safely are identified, and suggestions for their use in research are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)63-82
Number of pages20
JournalReview of Educational Research
Volume75
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2005

Keywords

  • GPA
  • Grade point average
  • Rank
  • Validity

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