Three-dimensional numerical model for open-channels

E. A. Meselhe, F. Sotiropoulos, V. C. Patel

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

7 Scopus citations


A numerical model to calculate three-dimensional turbulent flow in open channels of arbitrary cross-section is developed and validated. The model solves the incompressible, Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) equations, formulated in generalized curvilinear coordinates, in conjunction with the k-ε turbulence closure. The free-surface elevation is determined by allowing the computational mesh to deform during the iterative solution procedure so that the proper kinematic and dynamic conditions are satisfied at convergence. The numerical model is validated by applying it to simulate the flow through a meandering open channel of trapezoidal cross-section, for which experimental measurements are available. Comparisons of the computed solutions with experimental data reveal that the model predicts the details of the velocity field, including changes in secondary motion, the distribution of bed shear, and transverse variation of flow depth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationWaterpower - Proceedings of the International Conference on Hydropower
Number of pages10
StatePublished - Jan 1 1995
EventProceedings of the 1995 International Conference on Hydropower. Part 1 (of 3) - San Francisco, CA, USA
Duration: Jul 25 1995Jul 28 1995


OtherProceedings of the 1995 International Conference on Hydropower. Part 1 (of 3)
CitySan Francisco, CA, USA


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