Treatment of residual anxiety symptoms with adjunctive aripiprazole in depressed patients taking selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors

David E. Adson, Matt G. Kushner, Tamara A. Fahnhorst

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Depression and anxiety are common disorders and have substantially overlapping symptom complexes. Not surprisingly, treatment approaches are similar for both conditions with the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) as the initial therapy of choice. However, after first line treatments have been deployed, residual symptoms are often problematic. Augmentation strategies to address these difficulties are an area of active investigation. This study assessed aripiprazole as adjunctive therapy to SSRIs for patients with persistent anxiety symptoms complicating a depression or anxiety disorder. Methods: Ten patients who had been receiving SSRIs for at least 6 weeks, but still had clinically significant anxiety symptoms, were enrolled in an open label, flexibly-dosed study of adjunctive aripiprazole. Clinical status was assessed with the Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAM-A), Montgomery Asberg Rating Scale (MADRS), and Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS). Results: Eighty percent of the subjects had a greater than 50% reduction of symptoms on these outcome measures by week 2 of therapy, and continued with further decrements in symptoms throughout the course of the study. Conclusions: The results of this trial provide preliminary evidence that aripiprazole may be an effective adjunctive treatment in individuals on SSRIs with residual symptoms of anxiety or depression. More rigorous double-blind studies are warranted to confirm and elucidate the potential role of aripiprazole in these conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)99-104
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Affective Disorders
Volume86
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2005

Keywords

  • Anxiety
  • Aripiprazole
  • Clinical trail
  • Depression
  • SSRIs

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