Using SAT-Grade and Ability-Job Performance Relationships to Test Predictions Derived from Stereotype Threat Theory

Michael J Cullen, Chaitra M. Hardison, Paul R Sackett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

76 Scopus citations

Abstract

To examine the generalizabilily of stereotype threat theory findings from laboratory to applied settings, the authors developed models of the pattern of relationships between cognitive test scores and outcome criteria that would be expected if the test scores of women and minority group members were'affected by stereotype threat. Two large data sets were used to test these models, one in an education setting examining SAT-grade relationships by race and gender and the other in a military job setting examining Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery-job performance relationships by race. Findings were not supportive of the predictions arising from stereotype threat theory, suggesting caution in positing threat as a key determinant of subgroup mean test score differences in applied settings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)220-230
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Applied Psychology
Volume89
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2004

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