Use of an inspiratory impedance valve has recently been shown to increase the efficacy of standard and active compression-decompression cardiopulmonary resuscitation. We evaluated the effects of a prototypic impedance valve on the relationship between the active decompression and intra-thoracic pressure using a mechanical model lung system. Intermittent impedance to inspiratory flow of respiratory gases during the decompression phase of active compression-decompression cardiopulmonary resuscitation significantly decreased the intra-thoracic pressure, while the pressure was almost zero cm H2O during the cardiopulmonary resuscitation cycle when the impedance threshold valve was not functioning. Thus, this mechanical model will help in evaluating the valve as well as in optimizing its function by simulating various forms of lung disease. Copyright (C) 1999 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd.
- Active compression-decompression